When is Eid 2013? - The Analysis

When is Eid?There seems to be some confusion and rumours going around regarding When is Eid 2013 for this years Eid ul-Fitr which will mark the end of Ramadan 2013.

Eid is expected to be either on Thursday 8th of August or on Friday 9th of August 2013. This is dependent upon the sighting of the New Moon. Please revisit us again tomorrow on the evening of Wednesday 7th of August after 6 PM GMT for when we will announce the official date for Eid 2013.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), taught us to sight the crescent moon (Hilal) which marks the end of Ramadan and the start of Eid ul-Fitr.

There are a lot of websites declaring the date for Eid ul-Fitr already based on calculations and estimates. This leads people onto believe the date for Eid ul-Fitr has been confrmed when it is not the case. A lot of people are forgetting the tradition and Sunnah taught by our prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Yes we can calculate such events to give us an indication, but we should not write it in stone before the sighting is actually confirmed. We need to follow the Quran and Sunnah, the tradition of our beloved prophet (pbuh) - that is to sight the moon before declaring Eid.

We will await confirmation from the Coordination Committee of Major Mosques and Islamic Centres. Please revisit us again on Wednesday 7th of August after 6 PM GMT for when we will announce an official date for Eid 2013.

In the mean don't forget to follow us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter, for the latest news and information for Eid 2013.

 

Still not convinced?

Now here is something I have been trying to avoid for many years due to the 'politics' behind it all. This year seems to be riddled with many different dates leaving many people confused in disarray with rumours and links to websites confusing the matter even further. So here I will attempt to give my best in giving you a succint answer; there is no straight forward solution to this as many will either agree or disagree; it all falls on what school of thought you follow.

Frequently asked questions:

  • Can we celebrate Eid if we have not sighted the new moon? What if it is cloudy?
  • Can we follow another country for the start of Ramadan and Eid?
  • How can we celebrate Eid if we only fasted 28 days?

Due to a rare oddity this year, some Muslims have started to fast before others and some a day later than others. According to our calculations; today Tuesday 06 August 2013 would be 28th Ramadan, Muslims are required to fast for 29 days which is the minimum and if we cannot sight the new moon then we should fast for thirty days.

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

"The month consists of 29 nights, so do not fast till you have sighted it (i.e. the new moon), and if the weather were cloudy, then complete it as thirty days"  - [Bukhari]

Some are speculating Eid to be tomorrow Wednesday 07 August 2013 - this is very unlikely. If it is the case that Eid is tomorrow and you have fasted for 28 days only, then you should celebrate Eid as you would normally do. But remember to keep an extra fast after Eid but before the next month of Ramadan to make up your 29 days of fasting.

So can Ramadan and Eid be celebrated the same for everybody around world? - The short answer to that question is; yes if the new moon is sighted by Muslims in another country.

It is not up to individuals to sight the moon and then fast or celebrate Eid based upon their own personal sighting. The Prophet (pbuh) used to fast when he himself had not personally seen the moon, but rather another Muslim had reported to have sighted the moon and so he fasted.

Ibn Umar (ra) reported,

"During the time of the Prophet (pbuh), the companions went looking for the new moon. So I told the Prophet that I saw it. So he fasted and told the companions to fast."  - [Abu Dawud & Hakim]

The start of Fast and the celebration of Eid is based upon the sighting of the new moon. This is a command which addresses all Muslims all over the world and not just individual groups or countries.

So for example:

If the new moon was sighted in Morocco first before it was sighted in the United Kingdom; the people of the UK must act upon the sighting in Morocco, likewise it would be the same for the start of Ramadan also.

During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Muslims used to begin their fast on the same day and break it on the same day despite the fact that they lived in different areas. The sighting of the new moon in one area obliges all other Muslims to fast together on the same day and celebrate Eid together on the same day.

If the news of the new moon of Shawwal (month after Ramadan) reaches you, all fasting should stop even if you had not sighted it yourself. The moment the sighting of the new moon is confirmed fasting should also stop otherwise it would be sinful to continue to do so.

Now if you're still not happy, it is strongly recommended you follow your local Mosque.

 

With the help of United Kingdom's Hydrographic Office and Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office, Ramadan Timetable UK and Ireland was able to collate the following information on the new crescent moon on 06.08.13 at 16:48 HRS GMT.

 The following diagram shows the visibility of the new crescent Moon on Tuesday 06 August 2013. 

New Crescent Moon - Tuesday 6th August 2013

 

This second diagram shows the visibility of the new crescent Moon on Wednesday 07 August 2013. As you can see it is now visible in South America and also parts of South Africa. This is not confirmation but only indicates Eid is likely to be on Thursday 8th of August.

New Crescent Moon - Wednesday 7th August 2013

 

This third diagram shows the visibility of the new crescent Moon on Thursday 08 August 2013. As you can see it is now visible in most parts of the world. 

New Crescent Moon - Thursday 8th August 2013

 

From Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office, Visibility Predictions for the New Crescent Moon executed on 06.08.13 at 16:48 HRS GMT.

 

Remember to visit us again tomorrow on Wednesday 7th of August after 6 PM GMT for when we will announce an official date for Eid 2013.